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The Right Diet for Dogs With Liver Disease

Written by: Dr. Athena Gaffud

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Time to read 11 min

Liver disease in dogs is a serious health issue that requires special attention when it comes to diet. Understanding the causes of liver disease, its symptoms, and how diet can play a crucial role in managing the condition is essential for pet owners.


Avoiding certain foods and incorporating supplements can help improve liver function and prevent complications. We will explore the role of diet in managing liver disease in dogs and discuss the benefits of including grass-fed beef liver in their meals.

What Is Liver Disease in Dogs?

a sick dog

Liver disease in dogs refers to a condition where the liver's normal functions are impaired, leading to various health issues. The liver, a vital organ in a dog's body, performs essential tasks such as detoxification, bile production, and nutrient metabolism (Center, A., 2018)


The liver's role in maintaining a dog's overall health cannot be overstated, as it plays a crucial part in digestion and nutrient absorption. When the liver is not functioning properly, it can impact the dog's well-being significantly, affecting its energy levels, digestion, and immune system.


Liver disease in canines can manifest in various forms, including hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatic lipidosis. Symptoms may vary but can include jaundice, weight loss, vomiting, and behavioral changes. Liver function tests and imaging techniques like ultrasound are commonly used to diagnose liver issues in dogs (Kearley, M., 2024).

What Causes Liver Disease in Dogs?

a dog exposed to chemical sprays

Liver disease in dogs can have various causes, including infections, toxins, genetics, and poor nutrition (Fitzsimmons P. & Kleszynski, B., 2019). Understanding the underlying factors contributing to liver disease is crucial for effective management and treatment.


Infections, such as bacterial or viral agents, can directly affect a dog's liver health. These pathogens can damage liver cells, leading to inflammation and potentially causing long-term issues. Exposure to certain toxins, like pesticides, medications, or even some household chemicals, can significantly impact the liver's function.


Genetic predispositions play a vital role in determining a dog's susceptibility to liver disease. Some breeds are more prone to specific liver conditions due to their genetic makeup. Poor nutrition, diets high in fat or certain additives, can strain the liver and contribute to the development of liver problems in dogs.

Is Diet a Factor in Liver Disease?

Diet plays a significant role in the development and management of liver disease in dogs. Proper nutrition is essential for supporting liver function and promoting overall liver health.


Ensuring a well-balanced diet for dogs can make a world of difference when it comes to their liver health. By incorporating nutrient-rich foods that are easy on the liver, owners can help prevent the onset of hepatic issues. Certain components in food, such as healthy fats and antioxidants , play a crucial role in maintaining optimal liver function in dogs. Exploring the benefits of holistic medicine can offer alternative ways to support a dog's liver health through natural remedies and holistic approaches.

What Are the Symptoms of Liver Disease in Dogs?

Symptoms of liver disease in dogs can manifest in various ways, including jaundice, lethargy, weight loss, and changes in appetite. Recognizing these signs is crucial for early detection and prompt veterinary intervention.


Jaundice , a yellowing of the skin and eyes, is often one of the first noticeable symptoms of liver problems in dogs. Dogs with liver disease exhibit increased thirst and urination, abdominal swelling, and a tendency to bleed or bruise easily due to reduced production of clotting factors by the liver. Monitoring changes in urine color, specifically darker urine, is also an indicator of underlying liver issues. Dogs suffering from liver ailments also show neurological symptoms such as disorientation or seizures, indicating potential hepatic encephalopathy.

Does Liver Disease Affect Appetite?

a dog refuses to eat

Liver disease in dogs significantly impacts their appetite, leading to changes in eating habits, decreased food intake, or aversion to certain foods. Monitoring dog's appetites provide valuable insights into their liver health.


Dogs with liver disease exhibit a lack of interest in food due to nausea, fatigue, or discomfort caused by the condition. Liver dysfunction alters the way a dog's body processes nutrients, affecting their overall nutrition and energy levels.


It is essential to consult a veterinarian to develop a custom dietary plan that supports a dog's liver function while adequately meeting their nutritional requirements. In some cases, specialized food formulated for liver support may be recommended to manage appetite changes and maintain your dog's health.

Does Liver Disease Cause Vomiting?

a dog vomiting

Vomiting is a common symptom associated with liver disease in dogs, often indicating digestive disturbances and liver dysfunction. Understanding the link between liver health and vomiting can aid in diagnosis and treatment.

One of the primary causes of vomiting in dogs with liver disease is compromised liver function. The liver plays a crucial role in metabolism, detoxification, and digestion. When the liver is not functioning optimally, it can lead to a buildup of toxins in the body, triggering nausea and vomiting.

Does Liver Disease Cause Weight Loss?

skinny dog

Weight loss is a common consequence of liver disease in dogs, often linked to metabolic imbalances, reduced appetite, and nutrient absorption issues (Inqh, T., & Rothuizen, J., 1994). Monitoring your dog's weight is essential for assessing their liver health.


When a dog's liver isn't functioning properly, it can lead to a cascade of effects that impact their weight. The liver plays a crucial role in metabolism, converting nutrients into energy and storing essential vitamins like Vitamin A and B12 . Liver disease disrupts these processes, causing a decrease in appetite, which results in reduced caloric intake.


Compromised liver function can impede nutrient absorption, leading to deficiencies that contribute to weight loss. For instance, dogs with liver issues may struggle to absorb fats, causing them to lose weight despite consuming sufficient calories.

How Is Liver Disease Diagnosed in Dogs?

Vet examining a puppy

Diagnosing liver disease in dogs involves a combination of physical examinations, blood tests, imaging techniques, and sometimes liver biopsies (Kearley, M., 2024). Accurate diagnosis is essential for developing an effective treatment plan.

During physical examinations, a veterinarian carefully assesses a dog's overall health, checking for specific symptoms such as jaundice or abnormal behaviors. Blood tests play a vital role in evaluating liver function, and detecting abnormalities in enzyme levels that may indicate liver disease.

Imaging techniques, such as ultrasound or MRI scans, provide detailed images of the liver, aiding in the identification of structural abnormalities. In some cases, a liver biopsy, where a small sample of liver tissue is collected and examined, may be necessary for a definitive diagnosis.

Comprehensive evaluations, including Hepatic Support supplements and Fresh Frozen diets, are crucial in managing canine liver health and supporting the treatment process.

What Is the Best Diet for Dogs with Liver Disease?

a dog in a vegan and meat meals

Choosing the best diet for dogs with liver disease involves selecting foods that are easy to digest, low in copper and additives, and rich in essential nutrients. A well-balanced diet tailored to liver health can support recovery and management.

One essential consideration for developing a diet plan for dogs with liver issues is to ensure adequate protein intake while monitoring sources high in copper content.

Incorporating holistic medicine principles into the diet, such as using cooling foods or herbs like mung beans, may help support overall liver function (Watanabe, H., et al., 2019) .

What Foods Should Be Avoided?

Certain foods should be avoided in dogs with liver disease, including those high in copper, additives, and processed ingredients. Restricting these foods can help alleviate liver stress and improve overall liver function.


It is recommended to avoid feeding fatty foods like fried meats and dairy products to dogs with liver disease. High-fat diets can exacerbate liver inflammation and hamper the organ's ability to function optimally. Opting for a low-fat diet is crucial to prevent further strain on the liver.


Protein is an essential component in a dog's diet, but in liver disease cases, it is important to limit protein intake. Excessive protein consumption can lead to ammonia build-up, putting additional pressure on the liver (Griffin, J., & Bradshaw, P., 2019). Selecting high-quality, easily digestible protein sources, such as lean meats or eggs, in moderation is beneficial for liver health.

What Foods Are Safe for Dogs with Liver Disease?

Safe foods for dogs with liver disease include lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, and fresh vegetables. These nutrient-rich options can support liver function and provide essential vitamins and minerals for overall health.


When caring for a dog dealing with liver complications, incorporating high-quality ingredients is paramount. Opt for organic or locally sourced meats and grains, as artificial additives can strain the liver. Ensure that the diet contains adequate fiber to assist with digestion and bile flow. By focusing on nutrient-dense foods such as sweet potatoes, blueberries, and salmon, you can offer a holistic approach to your pet's nutrition. Remember, a well-rounded and balanced diet is the cornerstone of managing liver disease in dogs.

Should Supplements Be Added to the Diet?

Supplements may be beneficial for dogs with liver disease to support liver function , reduce inflammation, and promote overall well-being. Consultation with a veterinarian is recommended to determine the appropriate supplements for your dog's specific needs.

Pet owners play a crucial role in implementing a holistic approach to managing their dog's liver health. Adding specific supplements aid in detoxifying the liver and protecting it from further damage. These supplements are known for their antioxidant properties, which help combat oxidative stress in the liver. Incorporating a balanced diet and regular exercise can further enhance the effectiveness of these supplements in maintaining optimal liver function.

How Can Diet Help Manage Liver Disease in Dogs?

Diet plays a crucial role in managing liver disease in dogs by providing essential nutrients, supporting liver function, and reducing inflammation. Tailoring the diet to meet the dog's specific needs can help alleviate symptoms and improve overall liver health.

Ensuring the right balance of nutrients in a dog's diet is essential for maintaining a healthy liver. By focusing on key elements such as protein quality , antioxidants, and healthy fats, one can help support the liver's detoxification processes and overall function.

Can Diet Help Improve Liver Function?

A carefully designed diet can support and improve liver function in dogs by providing essential nutrients, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory compounds. Optimal nutrition plays a key role in enhancing liver health and promoting overall well-being.


One of the essential nutrients crucial for liver health is Vitamin E. This powerful antioxidant helps reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the liver, supporting its normal function. Including omega-3 fatty acids in a dog's diet can help manage liver disease by reducing inflammation and improving blood flow.


To further enhance liver health, it is important to limit processed foods high in additives and preservatives, as these can strain the liver. Instead, opt for a diet rich in whole foods like lean proteins, fresh vegetables, and fruits to provide essential nutrients for optimal liver function.

Can Diet Help Prevent Complications of Liver Disease?

A well-managed diet can help prevent complications of liver disease in dogs by reducing oxidative stress, supporting immune function, and maintaining metabolic balance. Dietary interventions tailored to liver health can minimize the risk of secondary issues.


One essential component of a liver-friendly diet for dogs is maintaining proper protein levels while ensuring they are high-quality and easily digestible. The supplementation of essential fatty acids like omega-3 can aid in reducing inflammation and promoting overall liver function. Another critical aspect is controlling phosphorus intake, as excessive levels can burden the liver. Food choices that are rich in antioxidants such as vitamins E and C, as well as minerals like zinc and selenium, can further protect liver cells from damage.

Can Ancestral Diet and Whole Prey Diet Help Canine Liver Disease?

Ancestral diet and whole prey diet approaches like Primal-Vitality Beef Organ Complex offer benefits for canine liver disease by providing natural, species-appropriate nutrition, and reducing the burden on the liver. These diet choices can support liver function and overall health in dogs.


One key advantage of ancestral and whole prey diets is their alignment with the principles of ‘like heals like’, which emphasizes the interconnectedness of different bodily systems and the importance of balance for overall well-being. By focusing on nutrition that mimics what dogs eat in the wild, these diets can help improve liver health by reducing inflammation and supporting detoxification processes.

The Role of Grass-fed Beef Liver in Canine Liver Disease?

beef liver

Grass-fed beef liver play a beneficial role in canine liver disease due to its nutrient density, high-quality protein, and rich vitamin and mineral content. Incorporating grass-fed beef liver into a dog's diet can support liver health and overall well-being.

One key aspect of grass-fed beef liver is its exceptional nutrient profile, providing essential nutrients like vitamin A , B vitamins, iron, and zinc, all vital for optimal liver function. The high-quality protein in grass-fed beef liver aids in tissue repair and regeneration, crucial for dogs with liver issues. The presence of antioxidants in grass-fed beef liver can help reduce oxidative stress and inflammation in the liver, promoting hepatic support and enhancing the animal's overall health.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is the right diet for dogs with liver disease?

The right diet for dogs with liver disease is low in fat, high in quality protein, and contains easily digestible carbohydrates. It should also be rich in essential vitamins and minerals.

2. Can I feed my dog homemade meals for their liver disease?

While homemade meals can be beneficial for dogs with liver disease, it is important to consult with a veterinarian or canine nutritionist to ensure that the meals are balanced and meet your dog's specific dietary needs.

3. Are there specific ingredients I should avoid in my dog's diet for liver disease?

Yes, dogs with liver disease should avoid high-fat foods, as well as foods that are high in copper or iron. It is also important to limit the amount of salt and protein in their diet.

4. How often should I feed my dog with liver disease?

It is recommended to feed dogs with liver disease small, frequent meals throughout the day. This can help prevent their liver from being overloaded and make it easier for them to digest their food.

5. Can supplements help with my dog's liver disease?

There are certain supplements that can aid in supporting liver function and promoting overall health in dogs with liver disease. However, it is important to consult with a veterinarian before adding any supplements to your dog's diet.

6. Is it okay for my dog to have treats while on a liver disease diet?

It is best to avoid giving your dog treats while they are on a liver disease diet, as they may contain ingredients that can be harmful to their condition. If you do want to give your dog treats, make sure to choose treats that are specifically made for dogs with liver disease.

Dr. Athena Gaffud, DVM

Author: Dr. Athena Gaffud

Dr. Athena is a seasoned, board-certified veterinarian with comprehensive expertise in general practice, veterinary medicine, laboratory operations, and veterinary writing. She is passionate about animals and holistic health. 

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