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Are Organ Meats Healthy for Dogs?

Written by: Dr. Athena Gaffud



Time to read 7 min

Organ meats refer to animal organs that are consumed as food. They are a natural source of vitamins and minerals, and have high nutrient content including protein and essential fatty acids, especially from grass-fed beef.

What Are Organ Meats?


Organ meats, also known as offal, are a powerhouse of nutrients that can greatly benefit your dog's diet.

In the case of dogs, these organ meats are highly valued due to their dense nutrient profile, which includes essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins crucial for optimal health. Liver, heart, kidneys, spleen and pancreas are among the common organs fed to dogs, offering a variety of nutrients like iron, zinc, and B vitamins.

These nutrient-packed organ meats not only support overall health, but also contribute to a shiny coat, healthy skin, and improved digestion in dogs . Many veterinarians recommend incorporating organ meats into a balanced canine diet as they mimic the natural prey diet, providing a complete nutritional package to dogs for their well-being.

Why Are Organ Meats Considered Healthy for Dogs?

a dog eating on food bowl

Organ meats are highly regarded for their health benefits for dogs, providing essential vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fatty acids necessary for overall well-being.

  • They are packed with vitamins like A, B, D, and K, along with minerals such as iron, zinc, and selenium.

  • They contain high-quality proteins, which are vital for muscle growth and repair.

  • The presence of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids supports brain function, heart health, and promoting healthy coat and skin.

They play a crucial role in boosting dogs' immune systems due to their high concentration of nutrients like vitamin E, folate, and antioxidants. These components help in strengthening a dog's defenses, making them more resilient to illnesses.

What Types of Organ Meats are Safe for Dogs to Eat?

Regarding dogs, certain organ meats like liver, kidney, heart, pancreas, and spleen are considered safe and beneficial for consumption.

1. Liver

offal liver

The liver is a vital organ meat for dogs, providing essential nutrients like iron, zinc, copper, and vitamins crucial for canine health ( Frey, M & Habtemariam, A., 2022 ).

Feeding dogs with liver can significantly boost their nutrient intake, as it is a powerhouse of vitamin A, B vitamins, and antioxidants. Vitamin A supports vision and immune function, while B vitamins aid in energy metabolism and overall health. The liver contains minerals such as selenium and phosphorus which are essential for bone health and cell function.

2. Kidney

offal kidney

The kidney is an essential organ meat for dogs, supplying vital nutrients such as selenium, phosphorus, proteins, and other essential elements ( University of Rochester Medical Center Rochester, 2024 ).

Along with these crucial nutrients, the kidney is also rich in vitamin A, iron, and omega-3 fatty acids, all of which are vital for a dog's overall health and well-being. The high-quality proteins found in the kidney help support muscle development, repair tissues, and maintain a healthy immune system.

The minerals present in the kidney, such as calcium and zinc, contribute to strong bones, teeth, and coat health in dogs. Phosphorus aids in energy metabolism, selenium acts as a powerful antioxidant, and iron supports oxygen transportation throughout the body.

3. Heart

offal heart

The heart is a valuable organ meat for dogs, serving as a protein source rich in taurine, essential for muscle health, and zinc for overall well-being.

Heart meat provides dogs with essential amino acids needed for muscle development and energy. Taurine, a crucial nutrient found in high amounts in the heart, supports cardiac function and overall well-being. “Key nutrients in dogs with heart disease include omega-3 fatty acids, medium-chain triglycerides, magnesium, antioxidants like vitamin E and taurine, and amino acids methionine and lysine,” according to the study by Laflamme, D. (2022). The presence of zinc in heart meat promotes immune system health and boosts metabolism in dogs.

4. Pancreas

beef pancreas

The pancreas is a vital organ meat for dogs, providing essential B vitamins that support the immune system and aid in digestion processes.

Aside from its role in nutrient absorption, the pancreas also plays a crucial part in regulating blood sugar levels by secreting insulin. This organ meat contains digestive enzymes that help break down fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in the food dogs consume, ensuring proper nutrient absorption and overall health. The pancreas supports a healthy gut microbiome by promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria, aiding in optimal digestion.

“The pancreas contains a local angiotensin system, which may act as a paracrine regulator of endocrine and/or exocrine functions,” according to the study by Chappell, M., Millsted, A., Diz, D., Brosnihan, K., & Ferrario, C. (1991).

5. Spleen

beef spleen

The spleen is a beneficial organ meat for dogs, containing iron that supports the immune system and contributes to overall health and function Tarantino, G., Scalera, A., & Finelli, C. (2013).

Iron plays a crucial role in the production of red blood cells, aiding in oxygen transport and energy metabolism within a dog's body. The spleen's iron content is vital for maintaining healthy hemoglobin levels, essential for optimal canine bodily functions.

The spleen also houses white blood cells that are pivotal in fighting off infections and diseases, bolstering the dog's immune response. This dual function of iron and immune support makes the spleen a powerhouse of nutrients for enhancing a dog's well-being and resilience.

What Are the Potential Risks of Feeding Organ Meats to Dogs?

A sick dog lying

While organ meats offer numerous benefits, there are potential risks associated with feeding them to dogs, such as high cholesterol levels, contamination risks, and possible allergic reactions.

- High in Cholesterol

Organ meats can be high in cholesterol, posing a risk to dogs' health if not consumed in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

It's essential to understand that while organ meats are rich in nutrients like vitamins and minerals, their cholesterol content can have adverse effects on a dog's overall health if not managed carefully. Cholesterol levels in organ meats can vary based on the type of meat and the specific organ consumed. For instance, liver is known to have higher cholesterol levels compared to other organ meats.

- Risk of Contaminants

One potential risk of feeding organ meats to dogs is the presence of contaminants, highlighting the importance of ensuring the quality and safety of the food being provided. These contaminants can include harmful substances like pesticides, heavy metals, and bacteria that may have adverse effects on a dog's health.

Therefore, pet owners must source high-quality organ meats from reputable suppliers who prioritize safety and quality control measures. Ensuring that organ meats are properly cooked before feeding them to your pet can also help reduce the risk of contamination and improve digestibility.

- Possible Allergic Reactions

Dogs may experience possible allergic reactions to certain organ meats due to protein sensitivities, impacting their immune system and overall health.

Organ meats like liver and kidneys can be highly nutritious for dogs, providing essential vitamins and minerals. For some dogs, these proteins in organ meats can trigger an immune response, leading to symptoms like itching, gastrointestinal upset, or even more severe reactions.

Protein sensitivities can manifest differently in each dog, making it important for pet owners to monitor their furry companions closely after introducing new foods. In severe cases, allergic reactions to organ meats can severely compromise a dog's health, necessitating immediate veterinary attention.

How Can You Incorporate Organ Meats into Your Dog's Diet?

Dog waiting to be fed by owner

Incorporating organ meats into your dog's diet can be done in various ways such as using them as treats, supplements, or as part of a balanced diet plan.

As a Treat

Organ meats can be utilized as treats for dogs, offering both a tasty reward and additional health benefits that can positively impact their coat and skin.

As a Supplement

Organ meats can serve as valuable supplements in a dog's diet, providing essential nutrients, vitamins, and omega-3 fatty acids that may be lacking in regular meals. Supplement toppers such as Primal-Vitality Beef Organ Complex contain organ meats that can effectively enhance a dog's diet with additional nutrients and flavors.

As Part of a Balanced Diet

Including organ meats as part of a balanced diet for dogs ensures they receive essential nutrients, have a reliable protein source, and support healthy digestion due to their fiber content.

Frequently Asked Questions About Organ Meat

1. Are organ meats necessary in a dog's diet?

Yes, organ meats can be a beneficial addition to a dog's diet. They provide essential nutrients and can be a great source of protein and vitamins.

2. What are the benefits of feeding organ meats to dogs?

Organ meats contain a variety of nutrients, including essential amino acids, vitamins B and D, iron, and other minerals. These nutrients can support a dog's overall health and provide important building blocks for their bodies.

3. Can organ meats be harmful to dogs?

Organ meats are generally safe for dogs to consume. However, it is important to feed them in moderation as too much organ meat can upset a dog's stomach and cause digestive issues.

4. Which organ meats are best for dogs?

Some of the best organ meats for dogs include liver, kidney, heart, and spleen. These meats are all nutrient-dense and can provide a variety of benefits for a dog's health.

5. How much organ meat should I feed my dog?

Organ meats should make up about 10% of a dog's total diet. It is important to balance their intake with other protein sources and a variety of other nutrient-rich foods.

6. Can I feed my dog organ meats from any type of animal?

While organ meats from various animals, such as beef, chicken, and lamb, can be safe for dogs, it is important to avoid feeding them organs from wild game or any meat that has not been properly cooked and prepared. This can put your dog at risk for food-borne illnesses and infections.

Dr. Athena Gaffud, DVM

Author: Dr. Athena Gaffud

Dr. Athena is a seasoned, board-certified veterinarian with comprehensive expertise in general practice, veterinary medicine, laboratory operations, and veterinary writing. She is passionate about animals and holistic health. 

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